Anal warts are growths found around the anus, in the anal canal, or in the lower rectum. Warts may also develop on the penis, scrotum, vagina or labia. These growths are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV), typically (but not always) transmitted through sexual contact. Once exposed to the virus, the anal region begins developing the growths within one to six months.
Individuals who suffer from anal warts often do not experience any symptoms. They may develop small growths in the anal region and feel minor itching, bleeding, or moisture in the affected area. To make a diagnosis, your doctor must inspect the skin around the anus and check the anal canal for growths.
Treatment for anal warts depends on the location, number and size of the warts. Small warts can be treated with agents such as topical Fluorouracil (Efudex) and Imiquimod (Aldara), but these medications have a low cure rate. Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen are more successful methods but may require several treatments, especially when treating larger lesions. Radio frequency and laser therapy produce 90-percent cure rates and are the preferred treatment methods at One Stop Medical Center.