Every year, hundreds of thousands of individuals are diagnosed with colon or rectum cancer. Although anorectal symptoms and complaints are common and typically not a serious concern, all patients should be examined for signs of possible cancer. Common symptoms of anorectal disease include rectal pain, bleeding, anal itching, and rectal mass or lump.
Patients should be checked for anorectal disease as early as possible if symptoms arise. If caught in its early stages, the cancer will require less extensive treatment and stress to the patient. Patient assessments must include an anorectal exam, flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. For colorectal cancer, patients 50 years of age or older in the general population and 40 years of age or older with risk factors or a family history of the disease should begin regular screenings.